Observed clinical, vascular, and cerebral abnormalities of 5 patients

PatientAgeSexClinical FeaturesMR ImagingMRA
111 yFLeft frontal, palpebral, and nasal hemangiomaCortical dysplasia in the left hemisphereLeft cerebral carotid aplasia.
Right hemiparesis
SeizuresLeft cerebral hemisphere hypoplasia
Borderline ML
27 yFLeft frontal, palpebral, and nasal hemangiomaLeft frontal polymicrogyriaPersistence of left trigeminal and both proatlantal arteries
SeizuresMild left cerebral hypoplasiaDouble kinking of the left internal carotid artery
Borderline ML
316 yFLeft frontal vascular malformationLeft cerebral hemispheric polymicrogyria and hypoplasiaHypoplasia of the left internal carotid artery and the intracranial branches
Seizures
Right hemiparesis
Borderline ML
46 moFLeft frontal and palpebral hemangiomaLeft cortical dysplasia
Mild left cerebral hypoplasiaLeft carotid artery aplasia
Dandy-Walker syndrome
53 yFLeft frontal, orbital, and nasal hemangiomaLeft cerebral polymicrogyria-pachygyriaIntracavernous origin of the left anterior cerebral artery
Right hemiparesisSevere left cerebral hypoplasiaLeft persistent trigeminal artery
Seizures
Psychomotor delay
  • Note:—F indicates female; ML, mental level.