Patient scores for “eee” phonation and breath-hold maneuvers*

Control (n = 96)“Eee” Phonation (n = 48)P Values
Age (years)55.69 ± 14.4455.69 ± 14.521.000
Sex1.000
    Male69% (66)69% (33)
    Female31% (30)31% (13)
Reader 1
    Above larynx.704§
        156% (54)62% (30)
        228% (27)19% (9)
        39% (9)6% (3)
        43% (3)10% (5)
        53% (3)2% (1)
    At larynx
        153% (51)50% (24).845§
        229% (28)33% (16)
        310% (10)12% (6)
        45% (5)0% (0)
        52% (2)4% (2)
    Below larynx
        156% (54)69% (33).117§
        230% (29)25% (12)
        312% (12)4% (2)
        41% (1)2% (1)
Reader 2
    Above larynx.194§
        132% (31)48% (23)
        252% (50)35% (17)
        310% (10)8% (4)
        45% (5)6% (3)
        50% (0)2% (1)
    At larynx.972§
        120% (19)19% (9)
        262% (60)65% (31)
        315% (14)12% (6)
        43% (3)2% (1)
        50% (0)2% (1)
    Below larynx.195§
        171% (68)60% (29)
        223% (22)29% (14)
        36% (6)10% (5)
        40% (0)0% (0)
  • * Scoring is as follows: 1 indicates no motion; 2, mild motion; 3, moderate motion; 4, moderately severe motion; 5, severe motion. Numbers after percentages are frequencies.

  • Wilcoxon test.

  • Pearson test.

  • § Proportional odds likelihood ratio test.