Table 1:

Demographic data and clinical scores of subject population

Group (No.)Sex (M/F)Age (yr)Disease Duration (yr)HYHYUPDRSUPDRSMMSE
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)(ON)(OFF)(ON)(OFF)(ON)
PD (12)5/762.1 (12.7)5.8 (4.5)1.8 (0.4)*1.9 (0.6)43 (13.8)a53.3 (22.1)28.2
Controls (13)8/558.0 (7.3)N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A28.8
  • Note:—NA indicates data not available; M, male; F, female; HY, Hoehn and Yahr clinical staging; UPDRS, Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale; MMSE, Mini-Mental State Examination; ON, taking medication as normal; OFF, cessation of medication.

  • * Levodopa equivalent dosage = 585.2 ± 509.8 mg.