Table 3:

Mean scores and SDs on the GOS, BI, mRS, and RPSQ*

Traumatic CT FindingGOSBImRSRPSQ
Score (SD)P ValueScore (SD)P ValueScore (SD)P ValueScore (SD)P Value
Linear fracture.820.433.419.619
    Absent4.4 (1.0)20 (1.2)1.3 (1.1)13 (15)
    Present4.6 (0.7)19 (2.0)1.4 (0.9)15 (12)
Skull base fracture.690.602.105.070
    Absent4.5 (0.9)19 (1.9)1.2 (1.0)12 (12)
    Present4.5 (0.8)20 (0.6)1.6 (1.0)18 (15)
Depressed fracture.633.445.230.302
    Absent4.5 (0.9)19 (1.6)1.4 (1.0)14 (13)
    Present4.6 (0.6)20 (0.0)0.7 (1.2)6 (10)
Subdural hematoma.137.050.573.552
    Absent4.5 (0.8)20 (1.6)1.3 (1.0)13 (13)
    Present4.3 (1.1)19 (1.5)1.4 (1.0)15 (13)
Epidural hematoma.200.705.313.054
    Absent4.5 (0.9)19 (1.7)1.3 (1.0)13 (13)
    Present4.4 (0.8)20 (0.4)1.6 (0.9)23 (16)
SAH.330.238.502.681
    Absent4.5 (0.9)19 (1.9)1.4 (1.1)14 (14)
    Present4.5 (1.0)20 (0.8)1.2 (0.7)13 (12)
Contusion.008.140.449.643
    Absent4.7 (0.6)20 (1.6)1.3 (1.1)13 (14)
    Present4.3 (1.1)19 (1.5)1.4 (0.9)15 (11)
Diffuse axonal injury.096.000.018.803
    Absent4.5 (0.9)20 (1.5)1.3 (1.0)14 (13)
    Present3.8 (1.5)16 (2.1)3.5 (0.7)12 (16)
  • Note:—SAH indicates traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage.

  • * Higher scores on the GOS and BI indicate more favorable outcome, whereas higher scores on mRS and RPSQ indicate poorer outcome and more severe postconcussive complaints, respectively.