Table 1:

Angiographic and clinical results after endovascular treatment of traumatic lesions of the vertebral artery

Patient No.Sex/Age (yr)Clinical PresentationCauseTopographyTreatmentOcclusion GradeClinical Outcome
1M/18Neck bruitGunshotAbove C2, leftCoilingTotalAsymptomatic
2M/28Neck bruitGunshotC5-C2, leftBalloon occlusion (trapping technique)TotalAsymptomatic
3M/18Neck bruit, cephalgiaGunshotBelow C5, leftBalloon occlusion (parent artery sacrifice)TotalAsymptomatic
4M/26Spinal cord symptomsStab woundBelow C5, rightStent, coils, n-butyl cyanoacrylatePartial*Asymptomatic
5M/35Neck bruitGunshotBelow C5, leftBalloon occlusion (trapping technique)TotalAsymptomatic
6M/27Neck bruitGunshotC5-C2, rightBalloon occlusion (trapping technique)TotalAsymptomatic
7M/35Neck bruit, cephalgiaGunshotAbove C2, leftBallon occlusion and coiling of the AVFPartial*Asymptomatic
8M/42Neck bruitGunshotAbove C2, leftCoilingTotalAsymptomatic
9M/26Brain infarctsStab woundBelow C5, rightBalloon occlusion (parent artery sacrifice)TotalPartial improvement
10M/36Neck bruitStab woundC5-C2, leftBalloon occlusion (parent artery sacrifice)TotalAsymptomatic
11F/11RadiculopathyJugular catheterC5-C2, rightBalloon occlusion (trapping technique)TotalAsymptomatic
12M/19Neck bruitGunshotBelow C5, rightBalloon occlusion (trapping technique)TotalAsymptomatic
13F/21Neck bruitGunshotAbove C2, rightBalloon occlusion (trapping technique)TotalAsymptomatic
14M/25Neck bruitStab woundC5-C2, rightSpontaneous occlusionTotalAsymptomatic
15M/23TinnitusGunshotAbove C2, leftBalloon occlusion (trapping technique)TotalAsymptomatic
16F/43Neck bruitStab woundC5-C2, rightBalloon occlusion (parent artery sacrifice)TotalAsymptomatic
17F/49Bruit, arm weakness, SAHDetonationC5-C2, leftBalloon occlusion (trapping technique)TotalAsymptomatic
18M/27Neck bruitGunshotAbove C2, leftBalloon occlusion of the AVFTotalAsymptomatic
  • Note:—SAH indicates subarachnoid hemorrhage; AVF, arteriovenous fistula.

  • * Initially partial angiographic occlusion, total occlusion during follow-up.