Table 1:

Baseline characteristics of patients

CharacteristicIV + Intervention (n = 33)IV Only (n = 30)
Mean age (mean ± SD)66.6 ± 12.066.4 ± 17.4
Women (%)22 (66.7%)21 (70.0)
Mean admission NIHSS score15.8 ± 3.516.0 ± 3.5
Median admission NIHSS score (median, 25%, 75%)15 (13, 19)16.5 (14, 18.75)
Time to IV rtPA (mean ± SD)118 ± 27.4103.1 ± 37.1
Time to cath (mean ± SD)239.9 ± 61.6n/a
Vascular risk factors
    Hypertension25 (76%)16 (53%)
    Atrial fibrillation8 (24%)6 (20%)
    Previous MI/CAD9 (27%)4 (23%)
    Congestive heart failure5 (15%)8 (27%)
    Previous stroke/TIA6 (18%)8 (27%)
    Diabetes mellitus11 (33%)6 (20%)
    Cigarette smoking history8 (24%)5 (17%)
Race/ethnicity*
    White7 (21%)17 (57%)
    African American20 (61%)8 (27%)
    Hispanic5 (15%)4 (13%)
    Other/unknown1 (3%)1 (3%)
  • Note:—n/a indicates not applicable; MI, myocardial infarction; CAD, coronary artery disease; TIA, transient ischemic attack; NIHSS, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale; IV rtPA, intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator.

  • * P = .0048.