Diffusion characteristics of five structures from both hemispheres in a patient with mild traumatic brain injury and a healthy control subject

Structure and ParametersPatientControl Subject
Left HemisphereRight HemisphereP ValueLeft HemisphereRight HemisphereP Value
Anterior corpus callosum
 λ11.50 ± 0.151.81 ± 0.25<0.0051.84 ± 0.271.88 ± 0.21<0.4
 λ20.67 ± 0.120.45 ± 0.11<0.0050.43 ± 0.120.42 ± 0.09<0.4
 λ30.37 ± 0.110.29 ± 0.08<0.0050.20 ± 0.070.22 ± 0.07<0.3
 Trace2.54 ± 0.212.55 ± 0.21≈12.46 ± 0.212.52 ± 0.23<0.3
 FA0.6 ± 0.090.76 ± 0.09<0.0050.80 ± 0.080.81 ± 0.06<0.4
 LI0.47 ± 0.100.65 ± 0.1<0.0050.72 ± 0.110.72 ± 0.07<1
Posterior corpus callosum
 λ11.74 ± 0.271.64 ± 0.22<0.21.71 ± 0.121.62 ± 0.14<0.05
 λ20.47 ± 0.150.49 ± 0.12<0.40.47 ± 0.100.45 ± 0.11<0.4
 λ30.27 ± 0.100.24 ± 0.07<0.20.23 ± 0.080.16 ± 0.09<0.025
 Trace2.49 ± 0.252.36 ± 0.19<0.12.41 ± 0.152.23 ± 0.19<0.005
 FA0.75 ± 0.100.74 ± 0.08<0.40.77 ± 0.070.79 ± 0.07<0.3
 LI0.65 ± 0.120.65 ± 0.09<10.69 ± 0.080.70 ± 0.08<0.4
External capsule
 λ11.28 ± 0.131.13 ± 0.13<0.0051.26 ± 0.121.25 ± 0.11<0.5
 λ20.69 ± 0.100.73 ± 0.10<0.10.65 ± 0.110.66 ± 0.08<0.4
 λ30.37 ± 0.140.50 ± 0.10<0.0050.34 ± 0.100.37 ± 0.05<0.2
 Trace2.34 ± 0.142.36 ± 0.16<0.42.26 ± 0.192.28 ± 0.12<0.4
 FA0.53 ± 0.100.39 ± 0.10<0.0050.56 ± 0.080.53 ± 0.06<0.2
 LI0.38 ± 0.090.26 ± 0.08<0.0050.41 ± 0.080.37 ± 0.06<0.1
Posterior internal capsule
 λ11.23 ± 0.171.30 ± 0.16<0.11.42 ± 0.111.41 ± 0.12<0.5
 λ20.64 ± 0.070.54 ± 0.11<0.0050.49 ± 0.080.46 ± 0.07<0.2
 λ30.36 ± 0.080.31 ± 0.04<0.010.25 ± 0.040.24 ± 0.07<0.4
 Trace2.24 ± 0.172.14 ± 0.13<0.0252.16 ± 0.092.12 ± 0.15<0.2
 FA0.53 ± 0.090.63 ± 0.08<0.0050.70 ± 0.060.71 ± 0.07<0.4
 LI0.41 ± 0.090.50 ± 0.08<0.0050.59 ± 0.060.60 ± 0.07<0.4
Anterior internal capsule
 λ11.24 ± 0.131.47 ± 0.06<0.0051.38 ± 0.151.55 ± 0.23<0.025
 λ20.59 ± 0.090.50 ± 0.09<0.010.56 ± 0.100.52 ± 0.10<0.2
 λ30.42 ± 0.080.31 ± 0.06<0.0050.33 ± 0.090.35 ± 0.10<0.3
 Trace2.25 ± 0.132.29 ± 0.12<0.22.26 ± 0.242.41 ± 0.29<0.1
 FA0.52 ± 0.090.68 ± 0.06<0.0050.63 ± 0.050.67 ± 0.09<0.1
 LI0.38 ± 0.090.56 ± 0.06<0.0050.51 ± 0.060.55 ± 0.10<0.1
  • Note.—Data are the mean ± SD. The values of λ1, λ2, λ3, and trace were multiplied by 103 before they were included in the table and are in mm2/s.