Clinical and imaging findings, treatment mode, and follow-up results of patients with VBD

Characteristics and FindingsPatient No.
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SexFMMMMMMMF
Age (yr)757457485639636361
Cerebrovascular risk factorsHPNHPN + HUHPN + HPL + PKHPN + SHPN + AS + AHPNHPNHPN
SymptomsAcute headacheIschemiaIschemiaAcute headacheAcute headacheIschemiaIschemiaChronic headacheIschemia
Intraluminal thrombosisYes (MRI)Possible (CT)Yes (MRI)NonePossible (CT)NoneYes (MRI)Yes (MRI)Yes (MRI)
Involved anterior circulationYesYesNoneNoneYesNoneNoneNoneYes
Predominant VAYes (R)Yes (L)BilateralYes (L)Yes (L)Yes (L)Yes (R)Yes (R)Bilateral
    Treatment mode3 × LEO, 8 × coils, occlude L-VA l mo later3 × LEO6 × LEO, 7 × coils5 × LEO4 × LEO3 × LEO4 × LEO 1 × Solitaire2 × LEO4 × Solitaire, 2 × coils
mRS pre-op/post-op/FU (time, mo)1st: 4/3/3 (1 mo); 2nd: 3/4/5 (28 mo)3/2/5 (25 mo)3/3/3 (17 mo)1/1/0 (14 mo)2/2/2 (18 mo)3/3/Death (26 mo)4/4/Death (4 mo)1/1/0 (28 mo)1/1/1 (10 mo)
Angiography FU (mo)1 mo23 mo (MRA)8 mo (DSA)13 mo (DSA)8 days24 mo (CTA)
  • Note:—HPN indicates hypertension; HU, hyperuricemia; HPL, hyperlipidemia; PK, polycystic kidney; S, smoking; A, alcohol; L, left; R, right; pre-op, pre-operation; post-op, immediately post-operation; FU, last follow-up after the operation.