Table 1:

Summary of patient demographics for inpatients with vertebral spinal fractures from 2005 to 2010

VariableAll PatientsPatients without Spine AugmentationPatients with Spine AugmentationP
Mean age (SD) (yr)78.9 (24.0)78.6 (21.7)79.3 (26.6)<.001
Female (No.) (%)18,1372 (79.5)79,467 (80.2)10,1905 (78.9)<.001
Mean (SD) (CCI) comorbidities0.8 (2.3)0.9 (2.4)0.8 (2.2)<.001
    Congestive heart failure31,377 (13.7)15,953 (16.1)15,424 (11.9)<.001
    Coronary artery disease53,902 (23.6)23,347 (23.6)30,555 (23.7).60
    Diabetes mellitus41,551 (18.2)18,065 (18.2)23,487 (18.2).77
    Hypertension14,0843 (61.7)61,020 (61.6)79,824 (61.8).28
    Hyperlipidemia52,651 (23.1)22,126 (22.3)30,525 (23.6)<.001
    Smoking14,656 (6.4)5804 (5.9)8853 (6.9)<.001
    Obesity7968 (3.5)3589 (3.6)4380 (3.4).003
    Osteoporosis15,4941 (67.9)62,528 (63.1)92,313 (71.5)<.001
Race (No.) (%)
    White16,1281 (91.9)68,502 (90.4)92,779 (93.0)<.001
    Black3631 (2.7)2226 (2.9)1405 (1.4)
    Hispanic7222 (4.1)3445 (4.5)3777 (3.8)
    Asian/Pacific Islander3361 (1.9)1577 (2.1)1784 (1.8)
Insurance status (No.) (%)
    Medicare20,0662 (88.8)85,893 (87.6)11,4768 (89.7)<.001
    Private19,745 (8.7)8979 (9.2)10,766 (8.4)
    Medicaid4341 (1.9)2434 (2.5)1907 (1.5)
    Self-Pay1214 (0.5)725 (0.7)488 (0.4)
  • Note:—CCI indicates Charlson Comorbidity Index.