Table 2:

Summary statistics for variables of interest by pattern of contrast enhancement

Variable and CategoryNegative (n = 76)Contrast EnhancementOthers (n = 14)P Value
LM (n = 24)Cortical + LM (n = 21)
Sex
    Male29 (38.2%)4 (16.7%)5 (23.8%)6 (42.9%).154
    Female47 (61.8%)20 (83.3%)16 (76.2%)8 (57.1%)
Age
    Median44452457.011
    Mean42403255
MRI severity
    Minimal8 (10.5%)2 (8.3%)2 (9.5%)1 (7.1%).942
    Mild37 (48.7%)10 (41.7%)10 (47.6%)6 (42.9%)
    Moderate18 (23.7%)6 (25%)6 (28.6%)6 (42.9%)
    Severe13 (17.1%)6 (25%)3 (14.3%)1 (7.1%)
Symptom
    Seizure48 (63.2%)12 (50%)16 (76.2%)9 (64.3%).322
    AMS20 (26.3%)5 (20.8%)3 (14.3%)4 (28.6%)
    Others8 (10.5%)7 (29.2%)2 (9.5%)1 (7.1%)
IPH
    Yes6 (7.9%)5 (20.8%)1 (4.8%)2 (14.3%).233
    No70 (92.1%)19 (79.2%)20 (95.2%)12 (85.7%)
SBPmax (mean)168.8166.7142.8172.8.037
DBPmax (mean)97.2396.7488.1199.08.260
Outcome score
    Missing +4341378
    033 (78.6%)8 (72.7%)10 (71.4%)5 (83.3%).305
    14 (9.5%)1 (9.1%)2 (14.3%)8
    25 (11.9%)02 (14.3%)1 (16.7%)
    302 (18.2%)00
  • Note:—LM indicates leptomeningeal; IPH, intraparenchymal hemorrhage; AMS, altered mental status.