Table 1:

General characteristicsa

Characteristics (n = 181)
Age (yr)77 (2)
Female96 (53%)
MMSE29 (28–30)
BMI (kg/m2)26 (24–28)
History of stroke or TIA19 (11%)
History of cardiovascular disease41 (23%)
Diabetes mellitus20 (11%)
Smoking status
    Never82 (45%)
    Former88 (49%)
    Current11 (6%)
Antihypertensive drug use108 (60%)
World Health Organization hypertension grade:
    Normotension47 (26%)
    Grade I hypertension73 (41%)
    Grade II hypertension38 (21%)
    Grade III hypertension20 (11%)
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)148 (138–165)
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)81 (74–90)
Brain parenchymal fraction0.61 (0.025)
WMH volume (mL)6.5 (3.6–11.2)
  • Note:—MMSE indicates Mini-Mental State Examination; BMI, body mass index.

  • a Reported are means and SDs, numbers and valid percentages, or medians with interquartile range. Cardiovascular disease comprises peripheral arterial disease, angina pectoris, and myocardial infarction. Brain parenchymal fraction = (total cerebral volume)/total intracranial volume.